World War II and the American Century

The Manchurian Problem, 1931
The Manchurian Problem, produced by the Rotary Club of Tokyo, 1931 [click to enlarge; click again to browse all pages]
(Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library, Special Collections and Archives, Manuscript Collection 234, Box 3, Item 4.)

Rotary International (RI) and its ideals proved to be incompatible with rising totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy, and Japan during the interwar years. Several historians argue that Rotary did little to critique the growing tide of fascism in many of its international clubs.[1] In fact, RI praised German members as law-abiding citizens of their nation, even when they began to bar Jews from membership and when the clubs disbanded in 1937.[2] Additionally, RI allowed the Tokyo Rotary Club to produce and distribute a pamphlet (which made a long journey to the Logan club) justifying Japan’s invasion and subsequent conquering of Manchuria, China. The article featured the slogan, “Advancement of Understanding, Goodwill, and International Peace,” regardless of the fact that a pamphlet justifying war failed to promote understanding, goodwill, or international peace.[3] Despite Rotary’s timid stance during the interwar years, American clubs, including Logan Rotary, supported the United States as the nation again became embroiled in conflicts overseas.

Rotary Account Ledgers

[1] S. Jonathan Wiesen, “Rotary Clubs, National Socialism, and Transnational Memory in the 1960s and 1970s,” Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 23 no. 1, (Spring 2009): 1–17. Charles136–137. Frederick Berthrong, interview by Cody Patton and Tammy Proctor, April 26, 2018, USU Special Collections and Archives; LRCP, Box 1, Folder 14 (Hereafter listed as Berthrong interview).
[2] Charles, 136–137.
[3] The Manchurian Problem, pamphlet compiled by the Tokyo Rotary Club, December 1931, LRCP, Box 3.
[4] “Logan Rotarians Announce Queen Contest Candidate,” newspaper clipping in scrapbook, LRCP, Scrapbook 1, 20.
[5] Assorted newspaper clippings in scrapbook, LRCP, Scrapbook 1, 17–22.
[6] Ron Monson, “A History of the Rib Cooker,” n.d. https://portal.clubrunner.ca/1740/stories. Golf and Ribs Day stems from the Logan Rotary Club inviting the Salt Lake City and Ogden clubs to the Valley for a day of golf. The Logan Rotary Golf and Ribs Day, as it is currently celebrated, began in 1973 when Floyd Jarvis, Earl Stone, and Omar Budge created their version of a Chinese smoker for cooking the Jarvis rib recipe at the Logan Country Club. For more information regarding golf and ribs, see the section titled “The Best Ribs You Have Ever Had.”
[7] For more information on the ’49ers Party, see the section titled, “A Difficult Past, but a Bright Future.”
[8] Assorted newspaper clipping in scrapbook, LRCP, Scrapbook 1, 17–22. Arrington25–35Jim Jarvis, interview by Cody Patton and Tammy Proctor, April 4, 2018, Logan Culligan Water offices; LRCP, Box 1, Folder 14 (hereafter referred to as Jim Jarvis interview).
[9] “On the 75th Anniversary of Logan Rotary,” 1994, LRCP, Box 1, Folder 13. 17–48.
[10] Rotary accounting ledgers, 1950-1959, LRCP, Box 1, Folders 5–7.
[11] Charles153.