The Manchurian Problem, produced by the Rotary Club of Tokyo, 1931 [click to enlarge; click again to browse all pages]
(Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library, Special Collections and Archives, Manuscript Collection 234, Box 3, Item 4.)
Rotary International (RI) and its ideals proved to be incompatible with rising totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy, and Japan during the interwar years. Several historians argue that Rotary did little to critique the growing tide of fascism in many of its international clubs. In fact, RI praised German members as law-abiding citizens of their nation, even when they began to bar Jews from membership and when the clubs disbanded in 1937. Additionally, RI allowed the Tokyo Rotary Club to produce and distribute a pamphlet (which made a long journey to the Logan club) justifying Japan’s invasion and subsequent conquering of Manchuria, China. The article featured the slogan, “Advancement of Understanding, Goodwill, and International Peace,” regardless of the fact that a pamphlet justifying war failed to promote understanding, goodwill, or international peace. Despite Rotary’s timid stance during the interwar years, American clubs, including Logan Rotary, supported the United States as the nation again became embroiled in conflicts overseas.